STA — Forty-one local train stations, Russian Railways
Cushman & Wakefield
68 250 m2
The PROGRESS architecture company has conducted research and developed a methodology for modernizing the Greater Moscow railway system using a set of standard elements which can be combined in varying ways to address the unique nature of each station and the plan for its future development.
The railway system of Greater Moscow has undergone active development since the mid-19th century, and today is one of the most widely used means of public transportation for the entire region. In keeping with present day demands for high-quality infrastructure, comfort, and passenger safety, as well as the goal of increasing ridership, there is an active program for modernizing key stations and creating around them a system of business and service facilities providing passengers with necessary goods and services.
Working within the framework of developing a concept and methodology for station reconstruction, research was conducted for 42 stations for 10 major rail lines. As a result of this analysis, 8 basic elements were deemed necessary not only for the operation of the station and passenger service, but also allowing for more standardized layouts.
A multi-functional module (A1) erected alongside the platform is called upon to serve as the key element in the construction of new stations. The configuration of this module corresponds to the overall building site footprint, and entails a skeleton framework using columns spaced 11.7 meters apart.
In cases where the plan calls for an addition to an existing structure, this will be provided for by means of using module A2. While its overall configuration generally corresponds to that of the A1 module, it differs in terms of having smaller overall dimensions allowing a number of such smaller modules to be deployed alongside historic station buildings.
Pedestrian pathways and plazas adjacent to stations are expected to be used for placement of smaller kiosk shops. The B1 modular cubicle will be employed to provide a more unified, orderly look, and can in turn be chained together to form a single gallery. The analogous, but smaller, B2 module will be used for placement of similar units along sidewalks, and is also capable of being chained together to form a smaller shopping arcade of any desired length.
Two additional modular elements represent a kind of open canopy, one – the N2 – designed to protect passengers on platforms from the elements, the other – the N2 – for entrances to stations and shopping sites, as well as at public transport stops. These differ in terms of the placement of supporting elements – with type N1 having supports around the perimeter, while type N2 has support elements in the middle of the span with console-based roof extensions. These laconic canopies complement the contemporary look of new railway stations.
Elevated (M1) and underground (P1) crossings are utilized for passenger transitioning above and below the tracks. Both structures are comprised of various standardized components that can be combined to account for the specifics of each station, and are also outfitted with elevators for the handicapped.
The standardization of functional modules and rapid-assembly metallic components will help greatly reduce the cost of construction while increasing quality and optimizing investment efficiency. Beyond that, this unity of architectural-artistic design will also foster the creation of a recognizable and aesthetic look for tens of railway stations in Greater Moscow.