REN — Moscow renovation
Moscow City Architecture Committee
The design was produced by a consortium of the Design Erick van Egeraat BV and Cushman & Wakefield companies for the second round of the competition for housing renovation concepts for five experimental sites in Moscow that was called by the Moscow City Architecture Committee in the second half of 2017.
The 107-hectare target site in Tsaritsyno lies 15 km south of Moscow’s centre between the Luganskaya, Kaspiiskaya and Medikov streets and Kavkazsky Boulevard. The Yerevanskaya Street cuts the site virtually in half, with Block 2B to the south-west and Block 2A to the north-east. The Tsaritsyno Metro station stands at the intersection of the Luganskaya and Kaspiiskaya streets and the railway station of the same name (Kurskoye line) is a little to the south, closer to Bakinskaya Street.
The site is built up mostly with panel five-storey houses mechanistically set in parallel to one another: in the 1950s-1980s Soviet urban planners did not use concepts such as “urban space hierarchy” or “resident-friendly environment” and therefore did not practice even simple differentiation between private and public spaces within a residential neighbourhood. This part of the city is rather monotonous, but has rich greenery, which is important because the railway tracks circling the site on the east cut across the local residents’ direct access to the Tsaritsyno Museum-Reserve.
The design proposal includes two fundamentally different types of residential development: the urban block with a landscaped courtyard that is closed to civil motor transport and the residential tower block. Such hybrid development model gives urban planners flexibility and therefore can be applied in any Moscow neighbourhood slated for renovation. As for the cost-benefit performance of the model, calculations show that every demolished five-storey house will be replaced with 2.5 times more housing space.
Ribbon buildings of varying height are to be built in the north-west of the site, along the Kavkazsky Boulevard, and residential towers connected by two-storey podiums with shops, restaurants, cafes, etc. in the south-east, next to the Nizhny (Lower) Tsaritsynsky Pond. The green walkable roofs of the podiums are meant for private relaxation, sports, children’s games and similar activities.
One important idea behind the concept is dropping the “sleeper neighbourhood” paradigm in favour of saturating the presently monofunctional residential blocks with business activity after renovation. It is not about building more offices, but creating as much space as possible for small and medium-size businesses. With this aim in mind about 100 000 out of the 1 000 000 sq. m of the total floor space of the facilities currently on the design board will be reserved for non-residential functions.